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This article is about the Na'vi language in general. You may be looking for spoken Na'vi in the film.


Na'vi Phrasebook

A Na'vi phrasebook issued by the RDA.

The Na'vi language is the constructed language of the indigenous Na'vi used in the Avatar film and games. It was created by Paul Frommer, a professor at the Marshall School of Business with a doctorate in linguistics. He designed the language according to fit it to some of James Cameron's ideas of how the language should sound. Beside this, the only constraint was that it had to be learnable and pronounceable by the actors.

The Na'vi have a tribal communal culture. They have no written language. Their history is passed down by oral tradition through stories. Humans, in order to document it, use most English alphabet letters, plus two diacritics (ä, ì), three ejectives (px, tx, kx), and an apostrophe as a glottal stop.

To learn the language please refer to: Learnnavi.org. Paul Frommer regularly uploads pronunciation guides to his Soundcloud channel, The Sounds of Pandora.

Wordlist Edit

English → Na'vi Edit

A Edit

  • across - ka
  • again - nìmun
  • agree - mllte
  • alien - ketuwong (n.), kewong (adj.)
  • allow - tung
  • almost - stum
  • alone - nì'awtu
  • among - kip
  • ancestor - pizayu
  • animal, beast - ioang
  • apology - tsap'alute
  • arm - pxun
  • arrive - pähem
  • arrow - swizav
  • art - tseo
  • as (i.e.: same way as) - tengfya
  • ask - pawm
  • attack - 'eko
  • avatar (dreamwalker body) - uniltìrantokx
  • awake - txen
  • away (direction) - neto
  • away (position) - mìso

B Edit

  • back (direction) - ne'ìm
  • bad, evil - kawng
  • badge - pätsì
  • be at, occupy a space - tok
  • be responsible - Kllfro'
  • beat (rhythmic) - 'ekong
  • become - slu
  • beetle larva(e) - teylu
  • before, in front of - eo
  • begin, start - sngä'i
  • beginning, start time - sngä'ikrr
  • bind - yìm
  • blue - ean
  • Blue Flute Clan - Omatikaya
  • body - tokx
  • bond (neural connection) - Tsaheylu
  • bone - txärem
  • boom - kxangngang
  • bow and arrow - tsko swizaw
  • bow - tsko
  • boy - ’evengan
  • boy (colloquial) - ’evan (n.)
  • brain - eltu
  • brainworm - eltungawng
  • branch (of a tree) - vul
  • brave - tstew
  • bring - zamunge
  • brother - tsmukan
  • burn, consume - nekx
  • but - slä
  • butt - txìm
  • by, via, following - ìlä

C Edit

  • call - syaw
  • calm - mawey
  • camp - 'awm
  • can, be able - tsun
  • captive - spe'etu
  • capture - spe'e
  • center (place in the middle) - kxamtseng
  • challenge (ceremonial) - fpeio
  • change - latem
  • child - 'eveng
  • choose - fxtey
  • clan - olo'
  • clan leader - olo'eyktan
  • clear, certain - law
  • clever (thing) - sìlronsem
  • close - lok
  • cloud - pìwopx
  • colleague - lertu
  • come - za'u
  • continually - nìtut
  • on the contrary, conversely - nìwä
  • cord - telem
  • create - ngop
  • creature - swirä
  • cut - mun'i

D Edit

  • daddy - sempu
  • dance - srew
  • danger - hrrap
  • dangerous - lehrrap
  • daughter - 'ite
  • day - trr
  • dead - kerusey
  • demon - vrrtep
  • destroy - ska'a
  • die - terkup
  • dig up - kllkulat
  • dim (of a person) - snumìna
  • dinner, served meal - wutso
  • Direhorse - pa'li
  • dive - tawng
  • do not (negative command) - rä'ä
  • do, make - si
  • doctor - toktor
  • done, finished - hasey
  • down - kllte
  • dream - unil
  • Dream Hunt - Uniltaron
  • dreamwalker (avatar) - uniltìranyu
  • drive out - kurakx
  • drum (made of skin) - au
  • duck - tawng

E Edit

  • ear - mikyun
  • easily - nìftue
  • easy - ftue
  • eat - yom
  • elbow - pxuntil
  • English language - 'ìnglìsì
  • enough - nìtam
  • enter - fpxäkìm
  • everyone - frapo
  • everything - fra'u
  • evil - tìkawng
  • examine - steftxaw
  • example - tìkenong
  • eye - nari
  • eyes (two) - menari

F Edit

  • false - tsleng
  • Fan Lizard - kenten
  • far away, at a distance - alìm
  • fast - nìwin
  • father - sempul
  • fear - txopu
  • feed - yomtìng
  • female (person) - tutee
  • finger - zekwä
  • fire - txep
  • first - 'awve
  • first - nì'awve
  • fly - tswayon
  • for the sake of - fpi
  • forbidden - kxanì
  • forest - na'rìng
  • forgiveness - txoa
  • four - tsìng
  • fresh (food) - pxausul
  • from above - ta'em
  • from (direction) - ftu
  • from (various uses) - ta
  • full - teya
  • funny (humourous) - 'ipu
  • funny (strange) - hiyìk

G Edit

  • get down! (to the ground) - ne kllte!
  • 'girl - ’evenge
  • girl (colloquial) - ’eve
  • give - tìng
  • go - kä
  • good - sìltsan
  • good bye, see you again soon - kìyevame
  • good bye, Eywa be with you - Eywa ngahu
  • Got it, I understand - tslolam
  • grab - niä
  • grant - teswotìng
  • great leonopteryx, last shadow - toruk
  • great, much, (amount) - txan
  • great, noble - nawm
  • ground - kllte
  • group of people, party - pongu
  • guide - fyaxwìntxu
  • gunship - kunsìp

H Edit

  • halt - txey
  • he - poan
  • he, she - po
  • heart - txe'lan
  • hello - kaltxì
  • help, assistance - srung
  • hexapede, hexapod - Yerik
  • hill - ramtsyìp
  • hold off, suspend action - fpak
  • home - kelku
  • Hometree - Kelutral
  • honor - meuia
  • hot - som
  • how (interrogative) - fyape / peyfa
  • hunt - taron
  • hunter - taronyu

I Edit

  • I - oe
  • if - txo
  • if not, or else - txokefyaw
  • in - mì
  • insanity - keye'ung
  • interpret - ralpeng

J Edit

  • joint, hinge - til
  • jump - spä

K Edit

  • kid, child - 'evi
  • kill - tspang
  • knee - kinamtil
  • know - omum

L Edit

  • land - atxkxe
  • large - apxa
  • last, ultimate, terminal - tor
  • lead - eyk
  • leader - eyktan
  • learn - nume
  • leave, depart - hum
  • leave, abandon - txìng
  • leg - kinam
  • level (adj.) - 'engeng
  • level (n.) - yì
  • life - tìrey
  • light - atan
  • like us - Nìayoeg
  • like, as - na
  • lip - seyri
  • listen - tìng mikyun
  • listen, pay attention, quit goofing off - eltu si
  • life - rey
  • live, dwell - kelku si
  • loincloth - tewng
  • short (period of time) - yol
  • longer (time) - nulkrr
  • look - tìng nari
  • look at - nìn

M Edit

  • male (person) - tutan
  • many - pxay
  • mated - muntxa
  • matriarch - Tshahìk
  • matter - txele
  • matter, be of importance - tsranten
  • meaning - ral
  • medusa (animal) - fpxafaw
  • meeting - ultxa
  • message - 'upxare
  • middle, midpoint - kxam
  • mighty - fkew
  • mind - ronsem
  • mist, fog, steam - yapay
  • model, represent, exemplify - kenong
  • moment - swaw
  • mommy - sa'nu
  • more - nì'ul
  • moron - skxawng
  • mother - sa'nok
  • mountain banshee - ikran
  • move, shift position - rikx
  • much - nìtxan
  • music - pamtseo
  • must - zene

N Edit

  • need (v.) - kin
  • need (n.) - tìkin
  • never - kawkrr
  • news, something to report - fmawm
  • night - txon
  • no - kehe
  • no (before a noun) - kea
  • no one - kawtu
  • nose - ontu
  • not - ke
  • nothing - ke'u
  • now - set

O Edit

  • offense, insult - zoplo
  • one (pn.) - fko
  • one (number) - 'aw
  • one (person) - 'awpo
  • only - nì'aw
  • or - fu
  • other - lahe
  • other one (person or thing) - lapo
  • outside - wrrpa

P Edit

  • part - hapxì
  • pass (a test) - emza'u
  • passionately, with all heart - nìftxavang
  • path, way - fya'o
  • pattern - renu
  • peel - fkarut
  • People (the People: name for themselves) - Na'vi
  • perhaps, maybe - kxawm
  • person - tute
  • place - tseng(e)
  • Warbonnet (Plant species) - Eyaye
  • please - rutxe
  • poison - txum
  • pretty - sevin
  • Prolemuris - syaksyuk
  • promise (a thing to someone) - pänutìng
  • pronunciation - lì’upam
  • proper, fair, right - muiä
  • protect, shelter hawnu
  • protection - tìhawnu
  • pull - za'ärìp

Q Edit

  • quiet ("be quiet!") - fnu

R Edit

  • rain - tompa
  • ready - alaksi
  • release, let go - lonu
  • remain, stay - 'ì'awn
  • remembrance - 'ok
  • request - ätxäle
  • rhythm - kato
  • ride - makto
  • ride out - kämakto
  • rock, stone - tskxe
  • run - tul

S Edit

  • sacred - swok
  • sacred place - swotu
  • safe place, refuge - zongteng
  • save - zong
  • saying (quote) - san
  • see (physical sense) - tse'a
  • See (spiritual sense) - kame
  • seed - rina'
  • Seeds of the great tree - atrokirina'
  • seem, appear - lam
  • send - fpe'
  • service - kìte'e
  • seven - kinä
  • shadow - uk
  • sharp (edge) - litx
  • sharp (point) - pxi
  • she - poe
  • show - wintxu
  • sibling - tsmuk, tsmuktu
  • sign, omen - aungia
  • sing - rol
  • sister - tsmuke
  • sixteen - mevol
  • sky - taw
  • Sky person - Tawtute
  • Slinger - Lenay'ga
  • slow - kì'ong
  • small - hì'i
  • smell - fahew
  • smile - lrrtok
  • smoke - kxener
  • so (or "in that case") - ha
  • so that - fte
  • so that not - fteke
  • son - 'itan
  • song - tìrol, way
  • songcord - waytelem
  • soon - ye'rin
  • sound - pam
  • speak - plltxe
  • spear - tukru
  • spin - kim
  • spiral - 'iheyu
  • spirit - tirea
  • spirit animal - tireaioang
  • spirit path - tireafya'o
  • spread, proliferate - virä
  • stand - kllkxem
  • star - tanhì
  • stingbat - riti
  • stop - ftang
  • stopping - tìftang
  • straight - yey
  • strength - tìtxur
  • strike - takuk
  • stringed instrument - i'en
  • (facial) stripe - pil
  • strong - txur
  • study - ftia
  • sturmbeest - talioang
  • suffice - tam
  • sun - tsawke

T Edit

  • tail - kxetse
  • take, bring - munge
  • take/consume time - krrnekx
  • teacher - karyu
  • teaching, instruction - sänume
  • tell - peng
  • territory - kllpxìltu
  • test - fmetok, tìfmetok
  • Tetrapteron - fkio
  • than - to
  • Thanator - palulukan
  • thank you - irayo
  • that - tsnì
  • that (action) - tsakem
  • that (as object) - tsat
  • that (person) - tsatu
  • then, at that time - tsakrr
  • there, that place - tsatseng
  • they - ayfo, fo
  • they (those two) - mefo
  • thirthy-two - tsìvol
  • this (action) - fikem
  • this (thing) fi'u
  • this one (person or thing) - fipo
  • this way, like this - fifya
  • this here, this place - fitseng(e)
  • thread - kìng
  • Thundering Rocks, Stairway to Heaven, Hallelujah Mountaints (floating mountains) - Iknimaya
  • time - krr
  • to (direction) - ne
  • to the others - aylaru
  • together - 'awsiteng
  • too - nìhawng
  • touch - 'ampi
  • track, lock up - sutx
  • training, exercise - tskxekeng
  • tree - utral
  • Tree of Voices - Utral Aymokriyä
  • true - ngay
  • truly - nìngay
  • trunk (of a tree) - tangek
  • truth - tìngay
  • try (attempt) - fmi
  • try (test drive, taste) - may'
  • turn - mìn
  • two - mune

U Edit

  • understand - tslam
  • unfold, blossom - 'ong
  • unquote - sìk

V Edit

  • valid - kangay
  • viperwolf - nantang
  • vision - äie
  • voice - mokri

W Edit

  • wait - pey
  • walk - tìran
  • want - new
  • war - tsam
  • war party - tsampongu
  • warrior - tsamsiyu
  • wash - yur
  • watch out, be careful - nari si
  • we (exclusive) - ayoe
  • we (inclusive) - ayoeng
  • we; two (exclusive) - ayoeng
  • we; two (inclusive) - moe
  • weak - meyp
  • weave - täftxu
  • weaver - täftxuyu
  • well - nìltsan
  • well-being, peace - fpom
  • what (thing) - 'upe
  • what (action) - kempe
  • what (before a noun) - pe
  • when - krrpe, pehrr
  • where (adjective) - peseng
  • where (adjective) - tsengpe
  • which, that (attribution particle) - a
  • while (same time as) - tengkrr
  • who - pesu, tupe
  • why - lumpe, pelun
  • wind - hufwe
  • wing - tsyal
  • wise - txantslusam
  • with (accompaniment) - hu
  • with (by means of) - fa
  • word - lì'u
  • World spirit guiding force and deity; Eywa - Eywa
  • world (physical) - kifkey
  • worm - ngawng
  • worst - 'e'al
  • worthy - pxan

Y Edit

  • year - zìzìt
  • yellow - rim
  • yes - srane
  • you - aynga (pl.), nga (sing.)
  • young - 'ewan

Na'vi → English Edit

  • 'ampi - touch
  • mawey - calm
  • 'e'al - worst
  • 'eko - attack
  • 'ekong - beat (rhythmic)
  • 'engeng - level
  • ’evan - boy (colloquial)
  • ’eve - girl (colloquial)
  • ’evengan - boy
  • ’evenge - girl
  • 'ì'awn - remain, stay
  • 'ìheyu - spiral
  • 'it - bit, small amount
  • 'ok - remembrance
  • 'ong - unfold, blossom
  • 'upxare - message
  • äie - vision
  • alaksi - ready
  • apxa - large
  • atan - light
  • ätxäle - request
  • atxkxe - land
  • au - drum (made of skin)
  • aungia - sign, omen
  • ean - blue
  • emza'u - pass (a test)
  • eyk - lead
  • eyktan - leader
  • Eywa ngahu - Good-bye, Eywa be with you
  • fa - with (by means of)
  • fahew - smell
  • fkarut - peel
  • fkew - mighty
  • fkio - Tetrapteron
  • fmawn - news, something to report
  • fmetok - test
  • fmi - try (attempt)
  • fnu - quiet (be quiet)
  • fpak - hold off, suspend action
  • fpe' - send
  • fpeio - challenge (ceremonial)
  • fpom - well being; peace
  • fpi - For the sake of
  • irayo - thanks
  • kaltxì - hello
  • kenten - Fan Lizard
  • lì’upam - pronunciation
  • nìwä - on the contrary, conversely
  • pil - facial stripe
  • pìwopx - cloud
  • ramtsyìp - hill
  • rutxe - please
  • syaksyuk - prolemuris
  • tor - last, ultimate, terminal
  • txärem - one
  • uk - shadow
  • yapay - mist, fog, steam

Numbers Edit

Main article: Octal Arithmetic
  • ’aw - One
    • ’awve - First
    • ’awpo - One individual
    • ’awsiteng - Together (lit. one-do-same)
  • mune - two
  • pxey - three
  • tsìng - four
  • mrr - five
  • pukap - six
  • kinä - seven
  • vol - eight
  • mevol - sixteen
  • tsìvol - thirty-two (octal: 40)
  • ay- - plural prefix
  • me- - dual prefix
  • pxe- - trial prefix

Adverbs Edit

  • alìm - Far away, at a distance
  • eo - Before, in front of

CorrelativesEdit

Words in *Asterisk and Italic are hypothetical. They are not attested, but extrapolated by analogy and the way other words are formatted. It's possible that they don't exist.

Correlatives 'u
(thing)
lun
(reason)
fya'o
(path, way)
tseng(e)
(place)
krr
(time)
kem
(action)
tute
(person)
pe


what (before a noun)

’upe


what (thing)

lumpe


why

fyape


how

tsengpe


where

krrpe


when

kempe


what (action)

tupe


who

pe peu pelun pefya peseng pehrr pehem pesu
ke


not

ke'u


nothing

- - kawtseng


nowhere

kawkrr


never

kekem


no action

kawtu


no one

fra


every

fra'u


everything

- - fratseng


everywhere

frakrr


always

- frapo


everyone

lahe


other

*la'u


other thing

- *lafya


other way

*latseng


elsewhere

*lakrr


other time

*lakem


other action

lapo


other one


this

fì'u


this thing

*fìlun


this reason

fìfya


this way

fìtseng


here

*fìkrr


now

fìkem


this action

fìpo


this person

tsa


that

tsa'u


that thing

tsalun


that reason

tsafya


that way

tsatseng


there

tsakrr


then

tsakem


that action

tsatu


that person

teng


same

teng'u


same thing

*tenglun


same reason

tengfya


same way as

*tengtseng


same place

tengkrr


while

*tengkem


same action

*tengtu


same person

Pronouns Edit

PersonalEdit

  • oe - I
  • nga - you (sing.)
  • po - (gender-neutral 3rd person sing.)
  • poan - he
  • poe - she
  • moe, pxoe, ayoe - we (exclusive)
  • oeng, pxoeng, ayoeng / awnga - we (inclusive)
  • mefo, pxefo, ayfo - they
  • aylaru - To the others

The deferential forms of "I" and "you" are ohe and ngenga. Possessive forms include ngeyä (your) and peyä (her/his)."He" and "she" can optionally be differentiated as poan(He) and poé(She)

Names and terms Edit

  • Eywa - "World spirit" – guiding force and deity
  • Amhul - Child's name
  • Änsìt - Child's name
  • Ralu - child’s name
  • faketuan - Alien (i.e. non-Na’vi)
  • fpeio - challenge (ceremonial)
  • Uniltaron - Dream Hunt
  • tireafya’o - spirit path
  • tireaioang - spirit animal
  • Tsaheylu - bond (neural connection)
  • Tsahìk - matriarch
  • tsawke - sun
  • teylu - beetle larva(e)
  • Tawtute - Sky Person
  • olo’eyktan - Clan leader
  • Omaticaya - Blue Flute Clan
  • uniltìrantokx - "dreamwalker body"; avatar
  • Iknimaya - Thundering rocks, Stairway to Heaven (Hallelujah Mountains)

Animals and plantsEdit

Loans Edit

  • 'ìnglìsì - English language
  • kunsìp - gunship
  • toktor - doctor
  • puk - book

Body Edit

  • til - joint, hinge
  • kinam - leg
    • kinamtil - leg-joint, knee
  • pxun - arm
    • pxuntil - arm-joint, elbow
  • kxetse - tail
  • zekwä - finger
  • tsyal - wing
  • txìm - butt, rear end
  • nari - eye
    • menari - eyes (two)
  • mikyun - ear
  • ontu - nose
  • seyri - lip
  • eltu - Brain
  • eltu si - Pay attention, quit goofing off

Note: The verb tìng "give" is used for senses; for example tìm mikyun "give ear, listen"

Family Edit

  • olo’ - clan
  • ’eveng - child
    • ’evi - kid (affectionate form of “child”)
  • ’itan - son
  • ’ite - daughter
  • sempul - father
    • sempu - daddy
  • sa’nok - mother
    • sa’nu - mommy
  • tsmukan - brother
  • tsmuke - sister

Sentences Edit

"Hello, how are you?"

Kaltxì. Nga-ru lu fpom srak?
Greetings. To-you be well.being (yes/no-question marker)

"It’s a pleasure to be able to chat with you in Na’vi"

Tsun oe nga-hu nì-Na’vi pivängkxo a fì-’u oe-ru prrte’ lu
be.able I you-with ADV-Na’vi chat <--- this-thing to me pleasurable[1] be

"I apologize for this moron"

Fì-skxawng-ìri tsap’alute s<eng>i oe
this-moron-TOP apology do-PEJ I

"These demons are forbidden here"

F-ay-vrrtep fì-tsenge lu kxanì
this-PL-demon this-place be forbidden

"Your alien smell fills my nose"

Oe-ri ta ngeyä fahew akewong ontu teya längu
me-TOP from you-GEN smell alien[2] nose full is-PEJ

"I See you" (a greeting) (Means to see into someone, refers to their soul, *understanding*)[3]

Oe-l nga-ti kam<ei>e
I-ERG you-ACC See-LAUD

NotesEdit

http://www.learnnavi.org/navi-vocabulary/ For more words.

Behind the scenesEdit

The Na’vi language was created by Paul Frommer, a professor at the Marshall School of Business with a doctorate in linguistics. The Na'vi language is heavily based on the Maori language, which is one of the three official languages of New Zealand.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Speak" is listed as pllte’. It is not clear if the word has been changed, or if prrte’ is an inflection of pllte’.
  2. The root for 'alien' may be the ke, as in kewong, ketuwong, faketuan, all meaning "alien"; the -tu- in these is a suffix for "person".
  3. The "See" is capitalized in the script, as it means to see into & understand a person.How to Speak Na'vi, UGO Movie Blog, 2009 Dec 14

External linksEdit

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